Bloom’s taxonomy classifies various learning objectives set by educators and was developed in the 1950’s by Benjamin Bloom and his co-workers.
Western education systems often describe the outcomes they expect from students as knowledge, skills and attitudes – KSAs.
The taxonomy divides educational outcomes into three domains: cognitive/knowledge, affective/emotional and psychomotor/doing. Attaining higher level learning within each of these domains is dependent on learning within lower levels of each of these domains.
Bloom’s Taxonomy at-a-glance
|1. Recall data||1. Receive (awareness)||1. Imitation (copy)|
|2. Understand||2. Respond (react)||2. Manipulation (follow instructions)|
|3. Apply (use)||3. Value (understand and act)||3. Develop Precision|
|4. Analyse (structure/elements)||4. Organise personal value system||4. Articulation (combine, integrate related skills)|
|5. Synthesize (create/build)||5. Internalize value system (adopt behaviour)||5. Naturalization (automate, become expert)|
|6. Evaluate (assess, judge in relational terms)|