Future Perfect Continuous

Future Perfect Continuous Diagram

We use Future Perfect Continuous when we talk about activities which will finish before a certain moment in the future.

 

Key Words

  • By tomorrow / 8 o’clock
  • This year / month / week
  • Next year / month / week

 

 

Future Perfect Continuous

The Future Perfect Continuous is also called the Future Perfect Progressive.

Here is how we use this tense:

1: Duration

We use this tense to express situations that will last for a specified period of time at a definite moment in the future. It is important that we expect these situations to last longer.

  • Before they come, we will have been cleaning the house for 5 hours.
  • By the next year, Ben and his wife will have been living together for 50 years.

2: Cause

English speakers also use this tense when they want to express certainty about the cause of some future situation.

  • By this time, he will have been working for 12 hours, so he will be very tired.
  • We will be making a rest stop in half an hour, because you will have been driving the car for 6 hours by then.

 

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Future Perfect

Future Perfect Diagram

We use the Future Perfect when we talk about activities which will finish before a certain moment in the future. 

 

Key Words

By, By the time, Before, By tomorrow/7 o’clock/next month, Until/till

 

Future Perfect Use

We use the  Future Perfect the following situations:

1: Completion before a specified point in the future

The first use of this tense is to talk about future actions that will be finished before some specified point in the future.

  • Before they come, we will have cleaned up the house.
  • John will have eaten the whole cake, by the time the birthday party starts!

 

2: Duration in the Future

Another use of this tense is to talk about actions will last after a given point in the future.

  • By the next year, I will have known Monica for 30 years.
  • Patrick will have lived in Hong Kong for 20 years by 2012.

 

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Future Continuous

Future Continuous Diagram

We use Future Continuous Tense in English when we talk about activities which will be taking place in a specific moment in the future. 

 

Key Words

Time Frames: e.g one year, next week, tomorrow

Future Continuous Use

The Future Continuous is also called the Future Progressive.  We use this tense in English for:

1: Future actions in progress

  • In an hour, I will be sitting in front of my TV.
  • In the evening, I will be baking a birthday cake.

2: Guesses

Use this tense also to make guesses about something in the present or future.

  • He won’t be coming any time soon. He is still at the office.
  • Beatrice will be getting married very soon.

 

3: Questions

And the last use of the tense is to make polite questions about something or somebody.

  • Will you be coming home before or after 10 PM?
  • Will you be going to the supermarket? I have something to buy.

 

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Simple Future Summery

Simple Future Diagram

We use Simple Future when we talk about situations and activities which will happen in the future. 

 

Key Words

tomorrow, tonight, next week, soon, in the future, afternoon, someday

 

 

Simple Future Use

The Simple Future is also called the Future Simple tense.

We use the simple future for:

 

  • a spontaneous decision

    example: Wait, I will help you.

 

  • an opinion, hope, uncertainty or assumption regarding the future

    example: He will probably come back tomorrow.

 

  • a promise

    example: I will not watch TV tonight.

 

  • an action in the future that cannot be influenced

    example: It will rain tomorrow.

 

  • conditional clauses type I

    example: If I arrive late, I will call you.

 

 

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