Future Perfect Continuous

Future Perfect Continuous Diagram

We use Future Perfect Continuous when we talk about activities which will finish before a certain moment in the future.

 

Key Words

  • By tomorrow / 8 o’clock
  • This year / month / week
  • Next year / month / week

 

 

Future Perfect Continuous

The Future Perfect Continuous is also called the Future Perfect Progressive.

Here is how we use this tense:

1: Duration

We use this tense to express situations that will last for a specified period of time at a definite moment in the future. It is important that we expect these situations to last longer.

  • Before they come, we will have been cleaning the house for 5 hours.
  • By the next year, Ben and his wife will have been living together for 50 years.

2: Cause

English speakers also use this tense when they want to express certainty about the cause of some future situation.

  • By this time, he will have been working for 12 hours, so he will be very tired.
  • We will be making a rest stop in half an hour, because you will have been driving the car for 6 hours by then.

 

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Future Perfect

Future Perfect Diagram

We use the Future Perfect when we talk about activities which will finish before a certain moment in the future. 

 

Key Words

By, By the time, Before, By tomorrow/7 o’clock/next month, Until/till

 

Future Perfect Use

We use the  Future Perfect the following situations:

1: Completion before a specified point in the future

The first use of this tense is to talk about future actions that will be finished before some specified point in the future.

  • Before they come, we will have cleaned up the house.
  • John will have eaten the whole cake, by the time the birthday party starts!

 

2: Duration in the Future

Another use of this tense is to talk about actions will last after a given point in the future.

  • By the next year, I will have known Monica for 30 years.
  • Patrick will have lived in Hong Kong for 20 years by 2012.

 

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Future Continuous

Future Continuous Diagram

We use Future Continuous Tense in English when we talk about activities which will be taking place in a specific moment in the future. 

 

Key Words

Time Frames: e.g one year, next week, tomorrow

Future Continuous Use

The Future Continuous is also called the Future Progressive.  We use this tense in English for:

1: Future actions in progress

  • In an hour, I will be sitting in front of my TV.
  • In the evening, I will be baking a birthday cake.

2: Guesses

Use this tense also to make guesses about something in the present or future.

  • He won’t be coming any time soon. He is still at the office.
  • Beatrice will be getting married very soon.

 

3: Questions

And the last use of the tense is to make polite questions about something or somebody.

  • Will you be coming home before or after 10 PM?
  • Will you be going to the supermarket? I have something to buy.

 

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