An approach to language teaching has been developed which attempts to overcome the weaknesses of the “structural approach” The new approach is based on viewing language as a combination of:
a) Linguistic Structures
b) Situational Settings
c) Communicative Acts
This is known as the “communicative approach” to language teaching. Communication is not simply a matter of what is said (structure/lexis), but where it is said, by whom, when and why it is said. In short, this is basically the “communicative function” or “purpose” of language.
Whereas the structural approach promotes accuracy and tends to inhibit communicative confidence, the conversational approach tends to create communicative confidence. Being keen to communicate and yet not being able to do so properly is almost as risky as knowing what to say but not having the confidence or practice to use it.
The PPP Approach to Language Teaching
The “Three Ps” approach to Language Teaching is the most common modern methodology employed by professional schools around the world. It is a strong feature of the renowned CELTA certification and other TEFL qualifications offered especially in the United Kingdom.
While this approach is generally geared toward adult learners, most of the principles involved are also essential to lessons for children. It is very important to understand what “Presentation”, “Practice” and “Production“ really are, and how they work in combination to create effective communicative language learning.
Source: TEFL Bootcamp
Download: PPP Basics