Sentence Fragments

A complete sentence has three components:

        1. a subject (the actor in the sentence)
        2. a predicate (the verb or action), and
        3. a complete thought (it can stand alone and make sense—it’s independent).





There are five basic patterns around which most English sentences are built.  Other elements can be added to make a sentence more interesting, but they are not essential to its formation.

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Five basic patterns with sentence examples

S-V Subject-Verb John sleeps.
Jill is eating.
Jack will arrive next week.
S-V-O Subject-Verb-Object I like rice.
She loves her job.
He’s eating an orange.
S-V-Adj Subject-Verb-Adjective He is funny.
The workers are lazy.
Karen seems angry.
S-V-Adv Subject-Verb-Adverb Jim is here.
Flowers are everywhere.
No one was there.
S-V-N Subject-Verb-Noun She is my mom.
The men are doctors.
Mr. Jones is the teacher.


You can use this sentence generator to help you study different types of sentences.

This Fragments and Run-ons handout will show you how to identify and repair sentence fragments and run-on sentences.