A complete sentence has three components:
- 1. a subject (the actor in the sentence)
- 2. a predicate (the verb or action), and
- 3. a complete thought (it can stand alone and make sense—it’s independent).
There are five basic patterns around which most English sentences are built. Other elements can be added to make a sentence more interesting, but they are not essential to its formation.
Five basic patterns with sentence examples
|Jill is eating.|
|Jack will arrive next week.|
|S-V-O||Subject-Verb-Object||I like rice.|
|She loves her job.|
|He’s eating an orange.|
|S-V-Adj||Subject-Verb-Adjective||He is funny.|
|The workers are lazy.|
|Karen seems angry.|
|S-V-Adv||Subject-Verb-Adverb||Jim is here.|
|Flowers are everywhere.|
|No one was there.|
|S-V-N||Subject-Verb-Noun||She is my mom.|
|The men are doctors.|
|Mr. Jones is the teacher.|
You can use this sentence generator to help you study different types of sentences.
This Fragments and Run-ons handout will show you how to identify and repair sentence fragments and run-on sentences.