Verbs

5forms

 

English regular verbs add -ed (or -d if they end with the letter ‘e’) to form the past tense and past participle.

 

Regular verbs are always consistent

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PRESANT SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE PRESANT PARTICIPLE
to laugh laugh(s) laughed laughed laughing
to start start(s) started started starting
to wash wash(es) washed washed washing
to wink wink(s) winked winked winking

irregular verbs

 

 

Auxiliaries with Irregular Verbs

Regular verbs and irregular verbs are used with auxiliaries to form different tenses. For example, has or have are used with the past participle of an irregular verb to form the present-perfect tense.

There are about 180 past tense verbs in the modern English language and they are the most commonly occurring verbs. Irregular verbs do not follow the convention of adding ‘ed’ at the end of the verb to form past tense statements.

 

Irregular verbs are not consistent

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PRESANT SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE PRESANT PARTICIPLE
to drive drive(s) drove driven driving
to feel feel(s) felt felt feeling
to put put(s) put put putting
to swim swim(s) swam swum swimming
The only solution to this irregularity is to learn them!